How to implement Custom user defined Validation / Data Annotations rules in MVC 4 application.

Introduction

In this post, how to implement Custom user defined Validation / Data Annotations rules in MVC 4 application.
There are many validation attributes available in MVC 4 like required, StringLength, Range, RegularExpression and more but sometimes we may require specific type of validation. In this article, I will explain how you can create your own custom validation attribute for validation minimum age and also how to make it work on client side as well.

Steps :

Step - 1 : Create New Project.

Go to File > New > Project > Select asp.net MVC4 web application > Entry Application Name > Click OK > Select Internet Application > Select view engine Razor > OK

Step-2: Add a Database.

Go to Solution Explorer > Right Click on App_Data folder > Add > New item > Select SQL Server Database Under Data > Enter Database name > Add.

Step-3: Create table for save  data.

Open Database > Right Click on Table > Add New Table > Add Columns > Save > Enter table name > Ok.
In this example, I have used one tables as below


Step-4: Add Entity Data Model.

Go to Solution Explorer > Right Click on Project name form Solution Explorer > Add > New item > Select ADO.net Entity Data Model under data > Enter model name > Add.
A popup window will come (Entity Data Model Wizard) > Select Generate from database > Next >
Chose your data connection > select your database > next > Select tables > enter Model Namespace > Finish.

Step-5: Add a new class for create custom validation rule.

write the following code in this class.
We need to import following namespace
            using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
            using System.Web.Mvc;
        
            public class AgeValidation : ValidationAttribute, IClientValidatable
            {
                public int MinimumAge { get; set; }
                protected override ValidationResult IsValid(object value, ValidationContext validationContext)
                {
                    // here this code is for validation on server side, validate when Model.IsValid called
            
            
                    if (value == null)
                    {
                        return null;
                    }
                    int currentAge = DateTime.Now.Year - ((DateTime)value).Year;
                    if (currentAge >= MinimumAge)
                    {
                        return null; //validation success
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        return new ValidationResult(FormatErrorMessage(validationContext.DisplayName));
                    }

                }
                public IEnumerable<ModelClientValidationRule> GetClientValidationRules(ModelMetadata metadata, ControllerContext context)
                {
                    //Here we will set validation rule for client side validation
                    var rule = new ModelClientValidationRule
                    {
                         ErrorMessage = FormatErrorMessage(metadata.DisplayName),
                          ValidationType = "minagevalidation"     // must be all in lower case, spacial char not allowed in the validation type name
                    };
                    rule.ValidationParameters["minage"] = MinimumAge;
                    yield return rule;
                }
            }
        

Step-6: Add a new js file for apply custom validation rule client side.

Go to Solution Explorer > Right Click on Controllers folder form Solution Explorer > Add > new item > select javascript file > Enter file name > Add.

write the following code in this js file.

           // here we will add validation for client side validation of our custom validation 
            $.validator.unobtrusive.adapters.addSingleVal("minagevalidation", "minage");
            $.validator.addMethod("minagevalidation", function (value, element, param) {
                if (value) {
                    var date = new Date(value);
                    var currentAge = new Date().getFullYear() - date.getFullYear();
                    if (currentAge < parseInt(param)) {
                        return false;
                    }
                }
                return true;
            });
        

Step-7: Apply validation on model.

Open your model and add validation. Please follow below code

            using System;
            using System.Collections.Generic;
            using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
    
            public partial class Registration
            {
                public int ID { get; set; }
                [Required(ErrorMessage="Full Name required!", AllowEmptyStrings=false)]
                public string FullName { get; set; }
                [Required(ErrorMessage = "Username required!", AllowEmptyStrings = false)]
                public string Username { get; set; }
                [Required(ErrorMessage = "Password required!", AllowEmptyStrings = false)]
                [DataType(dataType: DataType.Password)]
                public string Password { get; set; }
                [Required(ErrorMessage = "Date of Birth required!", AllowEmptyStrings = false)]
                [AgeValidation(ErrorMessage="Age must be greater then or equal to 18", MinimumAge=18)]
                public System.DateTime DOB { get; set; }
            }
        

Step-8: Add a new Controller .

Go to Solution Explorer > Right Click on Controllers folder form Solution Explorer > Add > Controller > Enter Controller name > Select Templete "empty MVC Controller"> Add.

Step-9: Add new action into your controller for Get Method

Here I have added "form" Action into "Registration" Controller. Please write this following code

            public class RegistrationController : Controller
            {
                public ActionResult form()
                {
                    return View();
                }
            }
        

Step-10: Add view for this Action & design.

Right Click on Action Method (here right click on form action) > Add View... > Enter View Name > Select View Engine (Razor) > Check "Create a strong-typed view" > Select your model class > Add.
HTML Code
            @model MVCCustomValidation.Registration
            @{
                ViewBag.Title = "form";
            }
            <h2>form</h2>

            @using (Html.BeginForm()) {
                @Html.ValidationSummary(true)
                if (ViewBag.Message !=null)
                {
                    <div style="padding:5px; width:300px;color:red; border:1px solid green">
                        @ViewBag.Message
                    </div>
                }
                <fieldset>
                    <legend>Registration</legend>

                    <div class="editor-label">
                        @Html.LabelFor(model => model.FullName)
                    </div>
                    <div class="editor-field">
                        @Html.EditorFor(model => model.FullName)
                        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.FullName)
                    </div>

                    <div class="editor-label">
                        @Html.LabelFor(model => model.Username)
                    </div>
                    <div class="editor-field">
                        @Html.EditorFor(model => model.Username)
                        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Username)
                    </div>

                    <div class="editor-label">
                        @Html.LabelFor(model => model.Password)
                    </div>
                    <div class="editor-field">
                        @Html.EditorFor(model => model.Password)
                        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Password)
                    </div>

                    <div class="editor-label">
                        @Html.LabelFor(model => model.DOB)
                    </div>
                    <div class="editor-field">
                        @Html.EditorFor(model => model.DOB)
                        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.DOB)
                    </div>

                    <p>
                        <input type="submit" value="Create" />
                    </p>
                </fieldset>
            }

            <div>
                @Html.ActionLink("Back to List", "Index")
            </div>

            @section Scripts {
                @Scripts.Render("~/bundles/jqueryval")
                @* Need to add our custom validation js here *@
                <script src="~/Scripts/MyCustomValidation.js"></script>
            }
        

Step-11: Add new action into your controller for POST Method (for form)

Here I have added "Login" Action with Model Parameter (here "User") into "Home" Controller. Please write this following code

            [HttpPost]
            public ActionResult form(Registration r)
            {
                if (ModelState.IsValid)
                {
                    using (MyDatabaseEntities dc = new MyDatabaseEntities())
                    {
                        dc.Registrations.Add(r);
                        dc.SaveChanges();
                        ModelState.Clear();
                        r = null;
                        ViewBag.Message = "Success!";
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    ViewBag.Message = "Failed!";
                }
                return View(r);
            }
        

Step-12: Run Application.


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Hello ! My name is Sourav Mondal. I am a software developer working in Microsoft .NET technologies since 2010.

I like to share my working experience, research and knowledge through my site.

I love developing applications in Microsoft Technologies including Asp.Net webforms, mvc, winforms, c#.net, sql server, entity framework, Ajax, Jquery, web api, web service and more.