Reordering list via drag & drop in AngularJS application


In the previous article, I have shown you how to implement Treeview in AngularJS application. In this article I will show you reordering list via drag & drop in AngularJS.

In one of my recent AngularJS project that I have just completed, required that the user be able to reorder the list of data via drag & drop feature and the current order of the list shall be persisted on the database.

Today I will show you how to implement reordering list via drag & drop in AngularJS application.

Here in this AngularJS application, I have used "angular-drag-and-drop-lists" AngularJS directive that allows us to build sortable lists with the native HTML5 drag & drop API.

Follow the following steps in order to implement "Reordering list via drag & drop  in AngularJS application".

Here In this article, I have used Visual Studio 2013

Step - 1: Create New Project.

Go to the file menu > create > projet > here select "asp.net web application" under web > enter application name > select your project location > and then click on add button ... >

    It will bring up a new dialog window for select template > here I will select empty template > and the checked MVC checkbox from Add folder and core references for > and then click on ok button. 

Step-2: Add a Database.

Now I will create a database for our application. As this is a tutorial project, I will add a database in our application, here in the app_data folder.

Go to Solution Explorer > Right Click on App_Data folder > Add > New item > Select SQL Server Database Under Data > Enter Database name > Add.

Step-3: Create a table in our database.

In this example, I have added the table for store my pending tasks and those tasks I will reorder from our AngularJS application via drag & drop.
You can see here in this below image, I have added a column Order in our database table. This field is for ordering my tasks as the priority.

double click on the database under app_data folder  for open the database in server explorer > expand the database and Right click on Tables node > click on Add New Table >  here we will write schema of the table for the table we want to create > now click on Update button for create the table and then again click on Update Database button. 

Step-4: Add Entity Data Model.

Go to Solution Explorer > Right Click on Project name form Solution Explorer > Add > New item > Select ADO.net Entity Data Model under data > Enter model name > Add.
A popup window will come (Entity Data Model Wizard) > Select Generate from database > Next >
Chose your data connection > select your database > next > Select tables > enter Model Namespace > Finish.

Step-5: Add required resource files into our project for "angular-drag-and-drop-lists" directive.

As I have told you, Here in this application we will use angular-drag-and-drop-lists directive for adding drag & drop sorting features, So we need to Download and add required resources into our application for the directive.
Here I have added following files into our project (you can download from here)
1."angular-drag-and-drop-lists.js" file
2."simple.css" file

Step-6: Add a javascript file, where we will write AngularJS code for creating an angular module and an angular controller.

In our application, I will add a javascript file into Scripts folder.
Go to solution explorer > Right click on "Scripts" folder > Add > new Item > Select Javascrip file under Scripts > Enter file name (here in my application it is "myApp.js") > and then click on Add button.
var app = angular.module('myApp', ['dndLists']);
app.controller('myController', ['$http', function ($http) {
    var vm = this;
    vm.Tasks = [];
    vm.IsProcessing = false;
    //Getting data from database
    vm.LoadTask = function () {
        vm.IsProcessing = true;
        $http.get('/home/GetTasks').then(function (response) {
            vm.Tasks = response.data;
        }).finally(function () {
            vm.IsProcessing = false;
    //Update Tasks order 
    vm.Sorting = function (index) {
        vm.IsProcessing = true;
        vm.Tasks.splice(index, 1);
        var newData = [];
        angular.forEach(vm.Tasks, function (val, index) {
            val.Order = index + 1;

        $http.post('/home/SaveTaskOrder', newData).then(function (response) {
            //you can write more code here after save new order 
        }).finally(function () {
            vm.IsProcessing = false;

Step-7: Create an MVC Controller.

If you already have HomeController added in your application (as in the MVC template HomeController is already added), Please skip this step.
Go to Solution Explorer > Right Click on Controllers folder form Solution Explorer > Add > Controller > Enter Controller name > Select Templete "empty MVC Controller"> Add.

Here I have created a controller named "HomeController"

Step-8: Add an MVC action into HomeController for fetch data from the database and return as JSON result.

Here in this step, we will add an MVC action for fetch My tasks data from the database and return as JSON result for showing my tasks list priority wise.

public JsonResult GetTasks()
    var tasks = new List<MyTask>();
    using (MyDatabaseEntities dc = new MyDatabaseEntities())
        tasks = dc.MyTasks.OrderBy(a => a.Order).ToList();
    return new JsonResult { Data = tasks, JsonRequestBehavior = JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet };

Step-9: Add an another MVC action into HomeController for update my tasks data with a new order to the database.

public JsonResult SaveTaskOrder(List<MyTask> tasks)
    bool status = false;
    using (MyDatabaseEntities dc = new MyDatabaseEntities())
            foreach (var i in tasks)
                dc.Entry(i).State = System.Data.Entity.EntityState.Modified;
            status = true;
        catch (Exception)

    return new JsonResult { Data = new { status = status } };

Step-10: Add view for that(here Index action) action.

You can see here 1 MVC action Index already added in the HomeController.cs file.
Now we will add a view for that Index action. 
Right Click on Action Method (here right click on Index action) > Add View... > Enter View Name > Select "Empty" under Template dropdown  > > Add.
    ViewBag.Title = "Index";
<div ng-app="myApp">
    <div ng-controller="myController as vm" class="simpleDemo">
        <h2> My Tasks</h2>
        <div class="loader" ng-show="vm.IsProcessing">
            Please Wait...
        <ul dnd-list="vm.Tasks">
            <li ng-repeat="item in vm.Tasks"
                dnd-selected="models.selected = item"
                ng-class="{'selected': models.selected === item}">

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/angular.js/1.5.8/angular.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/angular-drag-and-drop-lists.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/myApp.js"></script>
<link href="~/Content/simple.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        border:1px solid red;
    .simpleDemo {
        .simpleDemo ul[dnd-list] li{

Step-12: Run Application.

We have done all the steps. Now it's time to run the application. 

Hello ! My name is Sourav Mondal. I am a software developer working in Microsoft .NET technologies since 2010.

I like to share my working experience, research and knowledge through my site.

I love developing applications in Microsoft Technologies including Asp.Net webforms, mvc, winforms, c#.net, sql server, entity framework, Ajax, Jquery, web api, web service and more.